1. Get to Know Your Energy
Bills - Compare your heating and cooling costs by month
for as many years past as you can, and look for trends in usage
or obvious changes. Do you see any spikes? Can you remember why?
2. Locate Air Leaks -
Simple leaks can sap home energy efficiency by 5 to 30%
a year, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. The energy
advisor will take a close look at places where two different
building materials meet, such as corners, around chimneys, where
pipes or wires exit and along the foundation.
3. Examine Heating and
Cooling Equipment - Not surprisingly, heating and
cooling usually account for the biggest home energy loads. To
reduce waste the energy advisor will check to see if your
furnace filters look dirty and check the coils both inside and
outside. The energy advisor will examine ductwork for dirt
streaks, which mark leaks.
4. Look for Energy Vampires -
The energy advisor will help
you locate these and explain them to you.
5. See the Light -
Lighting eats up about 10% of a typical electric bill. Swap out
high-wattage bulbs with lower users, ideally CFLs.
6. Gauge the Results -
After you have made some improvements, revisit your
audit steps in a month or two. Get your energy bills, and
compare. Did your usage drop? Consider going back through the
steps above, looking for any appliances or areas you missed
before. Want more savings?